Tuesday, November 3, 2009

Response to Lecture 4 by Murriel Mapa

In Lecture 4 (Monday, October 5th), our class went through the proper use of subjects, verbs, and complements. Also, we were able to establish the differences and similarities between adjectives and adverbs. To get a more developed idea of the usage of these grammar tools, we were assigned to design a ransom note. Using Jessica Lloyd's as an example, here is her very well-done ransom note. Using just ripped pieces of paper from magazines and newspapers, we had to create a ransom note containing: 3 subjects and predicates, 3 direct and indirect objects, 3 comparatives and superlatives, and 3 object and verb complements. This was a unique exercise to motivate the class to use the somewhat-newer grammar instruments in our own writing.

Distinguishing between the subject and its predicate was very simple. The subject being what or whom the sentence is about, while the predicate includes the verb and what relates it to the subject. For example: Bob walked his dog to the park. Here, Bob would be the subject because the action of walking the dog is the predicate. Objects were also discussed in this lecture; direct and indirect objects. The direct object is the receiver of the action that is being done. For example: The chef prepared the meal. In this case, the meal is the object being prepared; therefore making it the direct object. An indirect object refers to, for whom or for what the action of the verb is being performed. An example of this would be: My grandmother donated her children’s clothes to a charity. In this sentence, the word children’s would be the indirect object. These objects can be studied more closely along with complements at this website.

Adjective and adverbs can easily be confused and used inappropriately, which I was definitely guilty of up until this lecture. Definition states that an adjective is a word or set of words that only modifies a noun, whereas an adverb can modify a verb, an adjective and other adverbs. On most occasions, one may identify an adverb when it ends in “–ly”. Examples of these would be words such as; quickly, softly, and excitedly. Adjectives are often introduced using comparatives and superlatives. Comparatives are usually used to compare two items, and a superlative is used to compare three or more items. A useful trick that we covered in class to identify between the two is when using a superlative, it often ends in “-est” and since they compare three or more items, the three letters at the end of the word can help distinguish between the two. To make sure you have a good idea of how to use adjectives and adverbs, visit this website to test your knowledge.

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